100th anniversary of the U.S. Census on Guam

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Dominica Tolentino, executive director of the Guam Museum, said: "The Census is really nothing new, demographic and population information have always been a part of life here in the Marianas."

This year marks a very special anniversary for Guam regarding the United States census. The 2020 census of Guam is the 11th time the island’s residents will be counted as part of the census.

One hundred years ago, in January 1920, the U.S. Census Bureau began its 14th decennial census. That was the first year Guam was included as part of the census of the United States.

The population of Guam, then governed by the U.S. Navy, was 13,275. The five largest ethnic groups at that time in order were Chamorro, Filipino, Caucasian, Japanese and Chinese. Over the last 100 years, the census has counted everyone on Guam, from the island’s infants to its grandparents and great-grandparents.

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Dominica Tolentino, executive director of the Guam Museum, said: “The Census is really nothing new, demographic and population information have always been a part of life here in the Marianas. The Spanish were very much interested in keeping track and keeping tabs of the people that were living here as colonial subjects and that history is a very big part of our history here in the Marianas.”

Terrina Long, 2020 Census Advisor to Guam, said: “It is really important that everybody participate in the 2020 Census of Guam. It is our once-in-a-decade snapshot of the island. It gives us the opportunity not only for a population count but a look at the social, economic, demographic and housing characteristics of the entire island.”

This year’s census has already officially kicked off with in-person interviews that began Monday and will extend through this summer.

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