The Government of Guam (GovGuam) General Fund ended Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 with a $46.3 million (M) surplus. As a result, the General Fund’s net position improved notably to a $1.5M deficit from a $47.8M deficit in the previous year. The tax withholding for the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) and a significant corporate income tax payment substantially contributed to reducing this deficit. The General Fund is the chief operating fund of GovGuam and covers shortfalls in any other funds.
GovGuam is commended for reducing the General Fund’s deficit. However, a cumulative $2.4 billion (B) deficit still exists for the whole government–but improving. GovGuam’s total deficit net position decreased by $9.8M from negative $2.4B in FY 2019. Within the past five years, GovGuam reported an improvement in the overall deficit for the second time. However, the pension and OPEB liabilities of $1.1B and $1.7B, respectively, still present a long-term effect on the government’s deficit.
Gross Receipts Tax (GRT) Dipped, Income Tax Revenue Increased
GovGuam collected $18.4M less GRT revenue from $315M in FY 2019 to $296.5M in FY 2020. Although the GRT rate increased to 5% to ease the effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act 2017, the severe disruption in the economy by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic virtually closed the private sector. This affected GRT revenue with a 6% decrease in collection compared to the previous year’s increase of 17%. GovGuam projected $314.9M in GRT revenue but was short by $18.4M.
On the upside, GovGuam reported $324.9M in income tax, $44.2M more than in FY 2019 of $280.8M. This increase is the bulk of GovGuam’s $707.7M General Fund tax revenues. The withholding taxes for the PUA and a significant corporate income tax payment helped GovGuam surpass its FY 2020 projected collection of $277M from income taxes by $48M. Other tax revenues that increased were Section 30 and excise tax by $5.7M, collectively.
General Fund Expenditures Increased
General Fund total expenditures (inclusive of transfers out) of $736M increased by $33.6M from $702.4M in FY 2019. The top three expenditures were for Public Education of $197.6M, Protection of Life and Property of $97M, and the collective payments of $79.2M to the University of Guam ($31.7M), Guam Memorial Hospital ($25.2M), Guam Community College ($18.1M), and GovGuam Retirement Fund ($4.2M). Among these, only the Public Education expenditure decreased by 11% from FY 2019. Transfer out to other funds totaled $35.5M.
Bond Refinancing Saved GovGuam $63.4M
The Organic Act set a debt ceiling limitation that GovGuam must not exceed 10% of the aggregate tax value of property in Guam or $1.4B as of October 31, 2019. GovGuam’s total debt outstanding as of FY 2020, subject to this limitation, stood at $1B. This billion-dollar debt consists of the following:
= $27.1M General Obligation Bonds, backed by full faith and credit of GovGuam, to fund the construction of a new cell for the Layon landfill;
= $1B Limited Obligation Bonds, payable from different tax revenues;
= $6.8M refinanced loan, pledge and assignment of Judicial Building Fund revenues; and
= $3.7M bank loan, pledge and assignment of Capitol District Fund revenues.
Overall, GovGuam’s total long-term debt decreased marginally by $30.1M. The refunding of $229M in General Obligation Bonds 2009 Series A and $182.6M in Limited Obligation Bonds 2009 Series A bonds were considered defeased and removed from the government’s overall financial statements.
Subsequent to FY 2020, GovGuam took advantage of the low-interest rates to refinance bonds with debt payment savings of $63.4M. Part of this refinancing was to fund John F. Kennedy High School’s energy improvements.
A separate commentary on the Single Audit Reports and Management Letter will accompany this report.
Refer to the Management’s Discussion and Analysis in the audit report at www.opaguam.org for a detailed discussion of GovGuam’s operations.